Friday, November 28, 2008

Black, blue and all sorts of colours

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Leonor Cipriano’s lesions weren’t all caused at the same time - Sol

Two forensic medicine experts said at the Court of Faro today that Leonor Cipriano’s lesions that are documented in photographs that were taken at the prison in Odemira were not all caused within the same time period

“There are lesions to the head, torso, upper member and thorax, but they don’t all have the same temporality because they have different colors”, said pathologist Rosa Maria da Silva, during the sixth session of the trial of the PJ inspectors who are involved in a process of alleged aggressions against Leonor Cipriano, following the investigation into the disappearance of her daughter Joana in 2004.

According to expert Rosa Maria da Silva, who authored a report about Leonor Cipriano’s lesions based on some of the photos that are included in the process, the “lesions were caused by contusing trauma” and its evolution starts with a reddish colour, then a black purple colour (until the third day after the blow), followed by a blue purple colour (until the sixth day after the blow), finishing in a green and finally yellow colour.

Although it has “indicative value” and may vary, this colour scale allows for pathologists to evaluate the trauma temporality.

“A blue lesion was certainly not produced on the day that it was photographed”, the expert alleged, referring that the photographs that she analysed were either “not all taken on the same day” at the Prison in Odemira or “something happened”.

The cause of said lesions, according to the medic, could be either fist blows (active form) or a fall from the stairs (passive form).

“Fist blows cannot be excluded, but it could have not been that, either. It’s not possible to reach major conclusions”, Rosa Maria da Silva admitted.

According to the opinion of another pathologist that was also heard in court today, expert Tânia Maio, the photographs that she analysed also demonstrate that one is looking at “different moments of the lesion” because the “colour and the lesions” differ from one photo to another, but safeguarding that the blood absorption varies according to the area of the body being more or less irrigated by blood.

Expert Tânia Maio further refers that all of the trauma that she saw on the photos resulted from a “contusing form”, but that they could be caused by fist blows (active form) as well as by a fall (passive form), although she stressed that her opinion falls on a “trauma from passive form”, which means a soft body hitting [a surface] and not direct trauma.

Another witness that had been heard during one of the initial sessions of the trial, a computer expert, admitted that the photographs that were taken of Leonor Cipriano with hematoma marks on several parts of her body “could have been manipulated”.

Miguel Custódio, who was summoned to testify by the defense of inspector Marques Bom, one of the five arguidos in the process, said that the photographs passed through a software filter that manipulated them, but that it’s not possible to determine if that manipulation was done without access to the original files.

For Leonor Cipriano’s lawyer, Marcos Aragão, these opinions are irrelevant for the process: “I don’t see any relevance, because these doctors are not witnesses in the process”, he told the journalists.

Defense lawyer Pragal Colaço, on another hand, said that the testimonies from the pathologists “brought a very important fact” into the process, which is the “evolution time of the lesions”.

“The photos could have been taken at different times. There are lesions that are older than others. They are not all contemporary (at the date of the photo session)”, the lawyer observed, referring that it was not possible to obtain any certainties concerning the cause of the trauma being direct fist blows.

The accusations from the Public Ministry against the Polícia Judiciária inspectors appeared after the questioning at the PJ in Faro in 2004, the time at which Leonor appeared at the Prison in Odemira, where she serves a prison sentence, with hematomas in her face and on her body.

Leonor Cipriano and her brother João Cipriano were each condemned to 16 years in prison, for the crimes of homicide and concealment of the cadaver of Joana, the eight-year-old girl who disappeared from the village of Figueira, in Portimão (Algarve) in September of 2004.

source: Sol (with Lusa), 27.11.2008

by astro


helmylin2 said...

Good morning Cláudia,

Nelson grinds to a halt!!! We woke up to 5 centimeters of snow . It is lovely. I live on a hill on the edge of an industrial estate. I can't help but have a little giggle as I come from real snow country. We are not used to snow here. The cars are everywhere. Nobody has a clue as to what they are doing. It will be melted by 10 o'clock then they can get to work! I wouldn't have this attitude if anybody was in danger but they aren't.

I'm going out now to walk to the vet's to get Charlie's passport.

Lovely snow!


Cláudia said...

Hi, Helmy!
You have no idea how I envy you! I love snow and although it fell here on Saturday, it didn't settle. Here it is still freezing but with lots of syn today.

helmylin2 said...

Hi Cláudia,

Wonder of wonders it is still snowing! I walked Charlie to the vet about a 2 mile round trip. It was great. He now has his passport.

Many of the children here have never seen snow. The lucky little sod's have been let out of school. They are everywhere playing.

If this keeps up until this evening it could be a mess if it freezes.

It has just started snowing hard again. :-)


Cláudia said...

Hi, Helmy!
I hope it keeps snowing so the kids who have never seen snow can have a blast!
Have fun!!!

Anonymous said...

Bom dia Cláudia

Eu detesto o frio e muito mais a neve.

Fui feita para viver em países tropicais, com muito sol.

Em Coimbra não nevou, mas está um frio de rachar.
Pareço um boneco de neve com tanta roupa vestida.

Quero o Verão rápido! LOL



P.S - está tudo muito calmo não está? Deve ser do Natal!

Cláudia said...

Olá, Paulinha!
Eu adoro neve. É um espectáculo da natureza inigualável em beleza, na minha opinião.
Se está frio em Coimbra imagina aqui! :-)
Está tudo muito calmo. Calculo que seja por causa do Natal, sim. No meu caso é. Tenho andado mesmo muito atarefada! :-)
Beijocas e um óptimo dia.

ICantThinkOfAName said...


Have you seen the thread on 3A about the magazine? O Crime?

Cláudia said...

I just did. Have been incredibly busy today and wasn't able to buy the newspaper. But nothing from Mr Aragão surprises me, to be honest!
Great to read you, ICTOAN.